Adult bucks have antlers. Their coat is varied in colour: from pale yellow to black, in some regions specific colours are dominant. The majority are chestnut brown in summer, with white spots, and uniformly greyish in winter.
Mature deciduous or mixed forest with dense undergrowth, sometimes coniferous forest near open cultural landscapes or parks, also in wet areas and meadows.
Trunk length 130-170 cm, tail length 16-19 cm, shoulder height 85-110 cm, body weight up to 130 kg, weight at birth 4.5 kg.